What Is the Hepatitis B Vaccination?

1 Answer

The hepatitis B vaccine is safe and effective, protecting you against hepatitis B for a lifetime. Every person may be at some risk for a hepatitis B infection, so getting the hepatitis B vaccine is necessary. The following groups is specially suggested by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) receiving the vaccine.
  • All infants, beginning at birth
  • All children aged <19 years who have not been vaccinated previously
  • Susceptible sexual partners of hepatitis B-positive persons
  • Sexually active persons who are not in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship (e.g., >1 sex partner during the previous 6 months)
  • Persons seeking evaluation or treatment for a sexually transmitted disease
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Injection drug users
  • Susceptible household contacts of hepatitis B-positive persons
  • Healthcare and public safety workers at risk for exposure to blood
  • Persons with end-stage renal disease, including pre-dialysis, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and home dialysis patients
  • Residents and staff of facilities for developmentally disabled persons
  • Travelers to and families adopting from countries where hepatitis B is common (e.g. Asia, Africa, South America, Pacific Islands, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East)
  • Persons with chronic liver disease, other than hepatitis B (e.g. cirrhosis, fatty liver disease, etc.)
  • Persons with hepatitis C infection
  • Persons with HIV infection
  • Adults with diabetes aged 19 through 59 years (clinicians can decide whether or not to vaccinate their diabetic patients ≥60 years)
  • All other persons seeking protection from HBV infection — acknowledgment of a specific risk factor is not a requirement for vaccination
The hepatitis B vaccine is available at your doctor's office and local health department or clinic. Three doses are generally required to complete the hepatitis B vaccine series.   Keywords: Hepatitis B Vaccination; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; CDC; vaccine series
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