What is acute endocarditis?
Acute endocarditis usually results from an aggressive species of skin bacteria, especially a staphylococcus, entering the bloodstream and attacking a heart valve that is previously normal.
Small clumps of bacteria called septic emboli may be sent into the bloodstream once staph bacteria begin to multiply inside the heart. And then the septic emboli may enter other organs, especially the kidneys, lungs and brain.
Those who are at very high risk of acute endocarditis are intravenous drug users, because aggressive staph bacteria have the opportunities from numerous needle punctures to enter the blood through broken skin.
What’s more, dirty drug paraphernalia increases the risk of acute endocarditis, which can be fatal in less than six weeks if untreated.
Keywords: acute endocarditis; acute bacterial endocarditis; acute infective endocarditis.