Meningitis is inflammation of membranes around the brain and spinal cord. It is common among infants, teenagers and adults above 55 years old. To conquer the disease among teenagers, we must know about it.
There are many types of meningitis:
Wherein bacterial meningitis is more common among teenagers. It is less common compared with other types. But it is severe, even threatening lives of teenagers.
Parents should pay attention when the following signs appear:
Being sensitive to light
Feeling stiffness in the neck
Having no appetite or thirst
Sometimes less common symptoms may point to meningitis as well:
Joint and muscle pains
Partial symptoms are similar to those of flu. Bacteria and viruses are the most common causes of bacterial meningitis:
Streptococcus pneumonia (pneumococcus)
Neisseria meningitides (meningococcus)
Haemophilus influenzae (haemophilus)
Listeria monocytogenes (listeria)
To prevent the teenagers from suffering meningitis, they should:
Inject meningococcal conjugate vaccine in advance. This is one of the most effective preventions.
Prevent close contact with those who already got meningitis.
Wash hands frequently with hot water and soap.
Avoid sharing utensils with others.
Eat healthily and get enough rest.
Take antibiotics if suspect of being infected of the virus.
Avoid alcohol and smoking.
If the teens are unfortunately infected, do not worry too much. The following treatment can help with the disease:
Take intravenous antibiotics immediately under the doctor's direction. This is very important for bacterial meningitis.
Get in plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
Take relative medications in the hospital for other types of meningitis.
Contact doctors immediately if you suspect that you or your children are infected.
Key words: meningitis in teens; causes; symptoms; prevention.