What Is Sturge-Weber Syndrome?

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Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized with a distinctive port-wine birthmark on the forehead, scalp, or around the eye. It’s a result of overabundance of capillaries (small blood vessels). Although the mark occurs at birth, this condition is not inherited. In terms of the symptoms, they vary from person to person. Besides the birthmark, some experience other skin abnormalities, while others develop neurological abnormalities. Generally, possible symptoms include:
  • Behavioral problems such as attention deficit disorder and mood disorder;
  • Developmental delays;
  • Headaches;
  • Intellectual disability;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Paralysis;
  • Seizures;
  • Strokes;
  • Vision problems.
Note: some symptoms may not show up until adulthood. Due to the high variability of the condition, parents should speak to the doctors about their children's specific cases. Common treatments include medications, laser therapy, and surgery.   Keywords: Sturge-Weber syndrome; SWS; Sturge Weber syndrome; Encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis.
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