What Is Multinodular Goiter?

1 Answer

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The multinodular goiter is a kind of enlargement in the thyroid. The causes of multinodular goiter are not clear yet. The following factors may contribute to the enlargement:
  • deficiency of iodine elements;
  • certain genetic reasons;
  • increase in thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).
There are two types of multinodular goiter: toxic and non-toxic ones. Although multinodular goiter will bring several enlarged nodes, there will be one dominant goiter. This core goiter may be related with thyroid cancer. The multinodular goiter does not present many symptoms at most times. But when the thyroid enlarges to an extreme extent, it will bring the following symptoms:
  • difficulty in breathing or swallowing;
  • sensation of getting stucked in the throat;
  • feeling of fullness in the neck;
If it is toxic multinodular goiter, there will be other symptoms called hyperthyroidism:
  • increased sweating
  • weight losses
  • accelerated heartbeats
  • intolerance for heat
  • tremors in hands
  • sleeping problems
If you doubt that you have the multinodular goiter, go to the doctor for help. The doctor will take physical examination and make the diagnosis. Key words: multinodular goiter; goiter.