What Are the Basics of Essential Thrombocythemia?

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Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a rare chronic blood condition characterized by an increased number of platelets, which are blood cell fragments that help to clot the blood from a cut or wound. The most common signs and symptoms of essential thrombocythemia include:
  • increased white blood cell count
  • reduced red blood cell count
  • an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)
  • bleeding results from dysfunction platelets
  • blood clots, e.g. deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
  • chest pain
  • headache
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • visual disturbances
  • dizziness or lightheadedness
  • fainting
  • numbness or tingling in the extremities
There are no specific causes of essential thrombocythemia. The most common ones are:
  • increased number of platelets
  • diseases in stem cells
  • functional defects of platelets
Although there is no cure for essential thrombocythemia, please turn to your doctor immediately for available treatments. Keyword: essential thrombocythemia.