What does Pathological Myopia Mean?

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Pathological myopia is a rare form of nearsightedness in which the back of the eyeball continues to grow longer after reaching normal adult size. It is usually progressive. About 3% of the world population are affected by this condition. People with pathological myopia have very rapid changes in their vision. Risk factors: Main risk factors for pathological myopia are greater axial length and age. Other possible risk factors include:
  • Female gender
  • Larger optic disc area
  • Family history of myopia
Management: Since the elongation of the eyeball cannot be controlled, treatment options are limited. While laser radiation can prevent progressive damage to retina by destroying abnormal growing of blood vessels, it may also affect the healthy retinal tissues. Photodynamic therapy is currently a safer treatment option, in which drugs will be injected to your retina at regular intervals. In addition, people with low vision can reduce that influence on their daily life by using visual aids such as magnifying glass for near tasks and telescopes for distance vision. If you are experiencing loss of vision, go to see your doctor and ask for medical help as soon as possible. Keywords: pathological myopia; risk factors; management
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