Wilms' tumor is also known as nephroblastoma. It is a rare kidney cancer
. It primarily affects children
. Wilms' tumor most often affects children ages 3 to 4 and becomes much less common after age 5. Wilms' tumor most often occurs in just one kidney, though sometimes your doctor may find it in both kidneys at the same time.
- Blood in the urine
- Nausea or vomiting or both
- Loss of appetite
- Shortness of breath
- High blood pressure
It's not clear what causes Wilms' tumor, so it can't be prevented
by anything you or your child can do. If your child has risk factors for Wilms' tumor, the doctor may recommend periodic kidney ultrasounds
to look for kidney abnormalities. It may help detect the disease at an early stage.
To diagnose Wilms' tumor, your child's doctor may recommend:
- A physical exam.
- Blood and urine tests.
- Imaging tests.
Treatment for Wilms' tumor usually involves surgery
and chemotherapy, and sometimes radiation therapy.And Treatments may vary by the stage of the cancer.
Keywords: wilms tumor;children;surgery