Treatments for thyroid goiters depend on the size of the goiter, your signs and symptoms and the underlying cause. Some small goiters do not need treatment as long as they don’t cause any problems. Usually if you thyroid glands work well with a goiter, your doctor may advice you a wait-and-see approach.
Main treatments for goiters include:
Your goiter may due to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. If you have hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone replacement with levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Tirosint) will resolve the symptoms as well as slow the release of thyroid-stimulating hormone from your pituitary gland, often decreasing the size of the goiter. In order to ease the inflammation of your thyroid gland, your doctor may advice you to take aspirin or a corticosteroid medication. If you have the goiter because of hyperthyroidism, you may need drugs to lower your abnormally high hormone levels.
Usually, patients with a goiter do not need to undergo a surgery. But if drugs can’t control the condition, surgery is a necessary choice. In a surgery for goiter, your doctor removes all or part of your thyroid gland. The surgeries are known as total and partial thyroidectomies.
Keywords: thyroid goiter treatment