People addicted to alcohol seldom realize that alcoholism is a disease. When people get a cold or fever, they call a doctor. When they are addicted to alcohol, they don't call for help because in the conception of most of people, it's not a disease.
But it is.
Alcoholism is a disease that changes the way the brain works. It's one of the mental health issues that causes negative emotions, changes in impulse control, and causes cravings that are usually uncontrollable.
Alcohol recovery is complicated and challenging because alcohol presents almost everywhere in everyday life. People in recovery frequently face pressures to drink. They’re surrounded by alcohol triggers in social media, advertisements and restaurants.
The terms alcoholism, alcohol addiction and alcohol use disorder are often used interchangeably. They refer to recurring alcohol consumption that causes clinically significant impairment and an inability to meet responsibilities, according to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Many alcoholics have a preferred drink. They may believe they have a liquor addiction, beer addiction or wine addiction because they associate a specific drink with a specific experience. Those associations can cause them to develop cravings for specific beverages. If a person is in liquor addiction, he is in alcohol addiction.
Alcohol rehab is a widely studied subject, and there're effective ways to help on the recovery. There are groups that have provided people with free support for decades. Scientists have developed medications that can ease withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings and prevent future drinking. Therapists and counselors practice techniques that allow people to find happiness without drinking.