Eating the right foods can reduce your risk for PAD by decreasing the amount of blood cholesterol and fat that could turn into arterial plaque in the future. Reducing your intake of dietary and saturated fat, like that found in red meat, to no more than 5 to 6 percent of total calories prevents excess fat from entering your bloodstream. Restricting your salt intake to about 6 grams of sodium each day can reduce your blood pressure. Increasing your intake of dietary fiber can reduce your blood cholesterol as well.
Eating certain diets can reduce the risk for PAD. A Mediterranean diet, which focuses on fruits, vegetables, and unrefined grain, can help. The DASH diet limits salt, fat, and alcohol intake. A low-fat, low-carbohydrate diet can also reduce your risk for peripheral arterial disease.