Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is naturally present in cell walls or membranes everywhere in the body. The body uses cholesterol to produce many hormones, vitamin D, and bile acids that help to digest fat. However, too much cholesterol in your bloodstream will narrow your arteries. This may cause heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral artery disease. Now, let us learn about cholesterol chart, total cholesterol ranges and how to lower cholesterol level.
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How cholesterol blocks your blood circulation[/caption]
How are cholesterol levels checked?
They are checked by a simple blood test. This test measures total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides. In fact, your doctor will help you interpret the blood test results to determine if your cholesterol levels are normal or require treatment.
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"Good" HDL and "Bad" LDL[/caption]
Cholesterol Chart (what the numbers mean)
Total cholesterol is the sum of all the cholesterol in your blood. In fact, your risk for heart attack and stroke increases with higher cholesterol levels. Meanwhile, other risk factors include smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, and family history of heart disease or stroke.
Total cholesterol ranges:
Less than 200mg/dL: desirable
200-239mg/dL: borderline high risk
240 and over: high risk
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Total cholesterol level chart[/caption]
HDL cholesterol ranges:
Less than 40mg/dL (men), less than 50mg/dL (women): increased risk of heart disease
Greater than 60mg/dL: some protection of heart disease
LDL cholesterol ranges:
Less than 100mg/dL: optimal
100-129mg/dL: near optimal/above optimal
130-159mg/dL: borderline high
190mg/dL and above: very high
Less than 150mg/dL: normal
150-199mg/dL: borderline to high
Above 500mg/dL: very high
See the cholesterol chart:
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How to lower cholesterol level:
As you can see, high cholesterol level carries with it a high risk of many serious disease. Therefore, you can try a number of things to lower your level. These include changes in lifestyle such as more exercise, quit smoking and control your weight. You may also consider taking medications. Remember, this can be a life-long commitment. Don't quit half-way.
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