May - National Melanoma Skin Cancer Awareness Month

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Skin cancer is the most common of all human cancers, with 1 million people in the U.S. diagnosed each year with some type of the disease. The three main types of skin cancer are: melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma. Melanoma is the most dangerous form of all the types of skin cancers.

11 Answers

These messages are for mutual support and information sharing only. Always consult your doctor before trying anything you read here.
Why is Melanoma the most dangerous type of skin cancer?

There is no reliable cure for melanoma. In most cases, all the surgeon can do is cut cancerous tissue from the body by removing malignant moles, the skin surrounding the malignant mole and removing nearby lymph nodes if the cancer has spread. Melanoma does not respond well to chemotherapy and the effects of drug treatments are quite limited. Once melanoma has spread to other parts of the body life expectancy can rapidly diminish so it's vital early surgical treatment is given.

How can I find it early?

The first signs can appear in one or more atypical moles. That's why it's so important to get to know your skin very well and to recognize any changes in the moles on your body. Look for the ABCDE signs of melanoma, and if you see one or more, make an appointment with a physician immediately.

How often is Melanoma diagnosed?

An estimated 192,310 cases of melanoma will be diagnosed in the U.S. in 2019. Of those, 95,830 cases will be in situ (noninvasive), confined to the epidermis (the top layer of skin), and 69,480 cases will be invasive, penetrating the epidermis into the skin’s second layer (the dermis).
What causes Melonoma?

Melanoma is often caused by exposure to high levels of sunlight. A mole can become malignant (cancerous) often years after the skin has been burnt (often after sun bathing or using sun beds). One or more blistering sunburns during childhood or teenage years can cause skin cancer many years later. Whilst previous exposure to the sun and sun beds are established risk factors, melanoma and other skin cancers can still arise without overexposure to sun and light.
Who has a higher risk?

Normal people have 10-45 moles, having more than 50 ordinary moles on your body indicates an increased risk of melanoma.

Melanomas typically occur in the skin, but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines, or eyes.

In women, they most commonly occur on the legs, while in men they are most common on the back.

How to treat Melanoma?

There is no reliable cure for melanoma. In most cases, all the surgeon can do is cut cancerous tissue from the body by removing malignant moles, the skin surrounding the malignant mole and removing nearby lymph nodes if the cancer has spread. Melanoma does not respond well to chemotherapy and the effects of drug treatments are quite limited.

Chemotherapy and radiation are alternatives but Melanoma commonly don't respond well to chemo and radiation.

FDA approves new drug to combat Melanoma. Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is the first FDA-approved drug that blocks a cellular pathway called PD-1, which restricts the body's immunue system from attacking melanoma cells.

It is used in:

  • Patients whose cancer cannot be removed by surgery or has metastasized (spread to other parts of the body) or
  • Patients who have had surgery to remove cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes.

How shall I protect myselft against Melanoma?

1. Avoid sunburn, avoid sun during the mid of the day.

2. Wear sun-screen and protective clothes year-round.

3. Avoid tanning lamps or beds.

4. Be familiar with your skin and do self-check regularly.

5. Maintain a strong immunity.

6. Annual skin exam head-to-toe by a professional
Early detection is the key, everybody!

How about immunotherapy?

A lot of people taking Chondroitin sulfate, supplement to relieve joint pain. A study has shown that Chondroitin sulfate may speed a certain type of Melanoma growth. If you take joint relief supplement regulary, please make sure you check this post.

https://healthtopquestions.com/joint-supplement-speeds-melanoma-cell-growth/
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