What happens in stage four lymphoma?

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Stage IV is the final stage of lymphoma. Stage IV Hodgkin lymphoma is an aggressive disease affecting the lymph nodes both above and below the diaphragm, and cancer cells in other areas of the body, such as the lungs, the liver or bones.

If you have stage 4 non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), it means the cancer has spread outside of your lymphatic system to your bone marrow, liver, lungs, brain, or spinal cord.

You'll feel:

  • fatigue
  • night sweats
  • recurrent fevers
  • weight loss
  • itching
  • bone pain, if your bone marrow is affected
  • loss of appetite
  • abdominal pain
  • abdominal swelling
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • constipation, if your spleen, intestines, or other parts of your abdomen are affected
  • chest pain, shortness of breath, or coughing if you have tumors that press on your trachea or superior vena cava
Chemotherapy is mainly used for the treatment.