My Father was Said to Have Kaposi's Sarcoma

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They say my father has this kind of disease, but I've never heard of it. Please anyone knows it tell me what is exactly Kaposi's sarcoma and what are the cause and treatment of it? Any information is appreciated. Thanks a lot!

4 Answers

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Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is an viral infection caused by the Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), which is also known as human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8). KSHV can lead to infectious mononucleosis and is related to several types of cancer. This kind of disease  will usually cause these following symptoms and signs:

  • Slightly elevated purple, pink, brown, or red blotches or bumps anywhere on the skin or in the mouth and/or throat.
  • Lymphedema, a swelling caused by the blockage of the lymphatic system.
  • Unexplained cough or chest pain.
  • Unexplained stomach or intestinal pain.
When HIV and AIDS first became widespread, the 5-year survival rate of people with Kaposi sarcoma was no more than 10%. But currently as is reported, the 5-year survival rate of people with both HIV and Kaposi sarcoma is approximately up to 74%.
For some people, the treatment may remove or destroy the cancer of Kaposi sarcoma (KS). But mostly treatments often do not cure the disease and the cancer never goes away completely.
Treatments for epidemic Kaposi sarcoma usually include these following things:
1. Surgery, including local excision or electrodesiccation and curettage.
2. Cryosurgery.
3. Radiation therapy.
The most visible signs of Kaposi's sarcoma are lesions on the skin. People who suffer from this disease have flat, painless spots that are red or purple on the white skin and bluish, brownish, or black on the dark skin.

Besides, these spots aren't itchy, and neither do they drain. They don't even turn white when under pressure.
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