Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic kidney failure, is a kind of kidney disease characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function.
CKD now is commonly seen and every year, about 200,000 people in the United States may be diagnosed with this disease.
If, unfortunately, you are diagnosed with CKD, special attention need to be paid to what you eat and drink for that your kidneys are not capable of removing those wastes as they were. Then, a healthy kidney diet shall be set on the table to help you stay healthier longer.
What is Healthy Kidney Diet?
Healthy kidney diet is an eating plan that limits some foods and fluids so that minerals would not accumulate to worsen your body. At the same time, it offers a balanced distribution of protein, calories, vitamins and minerals.
Eating Right for Healthy Kidney Diet
If you are on a healthy kidney diet, the first thing you need to do is to cut your sodium intake to less than 2300mg per day. Instead of salt, you could use herbs and spices to add flavor to your dishes.
You also need to watch closely about how much protein and what type of protein that you eat.
For average male who are with CKD stage 3, 4 and 5 non-dialysis, the protein intake should be about 6 to 8 ounces daily and for female, the intake is about 5 to 6 ounces a day.
However, for those with CKD stage 5 on dialysis, daily protein intake for male is about 12 to 13 ounces and 10 to 11 ounces for female.
You shall include lean proteins to serve the healthy kidney diet but in small portions. Beans, nuts, grains, chicken and fish are all good sources for lean proteins.
What’s more, if you are in the later stage of CKD, you need to be more careful with your phosphorous and potassium intakes. Too much phosphorous and potassium in your blood can cause itchy skin, bone and joint pain, and serious heart problems.
You need to choose fresh fruits and vegetables low in phosphorous and potassium such as apples, cranberries, strawberries, plums, carrots, green beans, cabbages and cauliflowers.
Remember to drink water instead of energy drinks and sodas to restrict your potassium and phosphorus intakes and limit your daily fluid intake.
3-Day Sample Meal Plan
Here is a 3-day sample menu of the healthy kidney diet. Check it out and have a try!
* If you are a female about 5.6-5.7 feet tall, 60 pounds and around 60 years old who does little exercise, your daily calorie need is about 1650.
*The % daily values (DV) are based on a 2000-calorie diet.
* Food sources in this meal plan can be changed under the guideline if you are allergic to them.
Leave a comment down below and tell me your ideas about the diet and any other meal plans that you need concerning chronic diseases.